Arthurian romance

Much medieval literature centres on a British king, Arthur. Although mentioned in a 9c chronicle, Arthur's role was perhaps founded in literature in the Historia Regum Britanniae (History of the Kings of Britain) by Geoffrey of Monmouth. A French translation by the Jersey poet, Wace (c.1100-75), added the story of the Round Table, after which the court of Arthur became the focus of chivalric tales of courtly romance in England and the continent. One of the last medieval contributions to the literature was Malory's Morte d'Arthur, which was being prepared for printing by Caxton at the time of the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485.

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • ARTHURIAN LEGENDS — ARTHURIAN LEGENDS. The only Hebrew version of the perennially popular Arthurian legends was written in northern Italy in 1279. It was anonymously translated into Hebrew from an Italian source now lost. Found in a unique manuscript in the Vatican… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • romance — romance1 romancer, n. n., adj. /roh mans , roh mans/; v. /roh mans /, n., v., romanced, romancing, adj. n. 1. a novel or other prose narrative depicting heroic or marvelous deeds, pageantry, romantic exploits, etc., usually in a historical or… …   Universalium

  • romance — (chivalric romance)    The chivalric romance was the most popular literary form of the later European Middle Ages. The term romance originally referred to anything written in the Old French language, thus categorizing it as composed in a language …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • romance — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. novel, love story; exaggeration, fiction, tall story; love affair, gest, fantasy. See description, imagination, falsehood. II (Roget s IV) n. 1. [Experiences that excite the imagination] Syn. fancy,… …   English dictionary for students

  • Arthurian legend — Body of stories and medieval romances centring on the legendary English king Arthur. The stories chronicle Arthur s life, the adventures of his knights, and the adulterous love between his knight Sir Lancelot and his queen, Guinevere. The legend… …   Universalium

  • Romance (genre) — For the modern genre of romantic fiction, see Romance novel and Romance film. Yvain fighting Gawain. Medieval illumination from Chrétien de Troyes s romance, Yvain, le Chevalier au Lion …   Wikipedia

  • romance — [[t]rəmæ̱ns, ro͟ʊmæns[/t]] romances, romancing, romanced 1) N COUNT A romance is a relationship between two people who are in love with each other but who are not married to each other. After a whirlwind romance the couple announced their… …   English dictionary

  • romance — I. /rəˈmæns / (say ruh mans), /ˈroʊmæns / (say rohmans) noun 1. a tale depicting heroic or marvellous achievements, colourful events or scenes, chivalrous devotion, unusual, even supernatural, experiences, or other matters of a kind to appeal to… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Arthurian — /ahr thoor ee euhn/, adj. of or pertaining to King Arthur, who, with his knights, formed the subject of a large part of medieval romance: Arthurian legends. [1850 55; ARTHUR + IAN] * * * …   Universalium

  • Octavian (romance) — A page from British Library MS Cotton Caligula A.ii, in which Middle English tales of Libeaus Desconus, Sir Launfal and Saint Patrick s Purgatory are also found Octavian is a 14th century Middle English verse translation and abrid …   Wikipedia

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